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deflate.h
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1/* deflate.h -- internal compression state
2 * Copyright (C) 1995-2018 Jean-loup Gailly
3 * For conditions of distribution and use, see copyright notice in zlib.h
4 */
5
6/* WARNING: this file should *not* be used by applications. It is
7 part of the implementation of the compression library and is
8 subject to change. Applications should only use zlib.h.
9 */
10
11/* @(#) $Id$ */
12
13#ifndef DEFLATE_H
14#define DEFLATE_H
15
16#include "zutil.h"
17
18/* define NO_GZIP when compiling if you want to disable gzip header and
19 trailer creation by deflate(). NO_GZIP would be used to avoid linking in
20 the crc code when it is not needed. For shared libraries, gzip encoding
21 should be left enabled. */
22#ifndef NO_GZIP
23# define GZIP
24#endif
25
26/* ===========================================================================
27 * Internal compression state.
28 */
29
30#define LENGTH_CODES 29
31/* number of length codes, not counting the special END_BLOCK code */
32
33#define LITERALS 256
34/* number of literal bytes 0..255 */
35
36#define L_CODES (LITERALS+1+LENGTH_CODES)
37/* number of Literal or Length codes, including the END_BLOCK code */
38
39#define D_CODES 30
40/* number of distance codes */
41
42#define BL_CODES 19
43/* number of codes used to transfer the bit lengths */
44
45#define HEAP_SIZE (2*L_CODES+1)
46/* maximum heap size */
47
48#define MAX_BITS 15
49/* All codes must not exceed MAX_BITS bits */
50
51#define Buf_size 16
52/* size of bit buffer in bi_buf */
53
54#define INIT_STATE 42 /* zlib header -> BUSY_STATE */
55#ifdef GZIP
56# define GZIP_STATE 57 /* gzip header -> BUSY_STATE | EXTRA_STATE */
57#endif
58#define EXTRA_STATE 69 /* gzip extra block -> NAME_STATE */
59#define NAME_STATE 73 /* gzip file name -> COMMENT_STATE */
60#define COMMENT_STATE 91 /* gzip comment -> HCRC_STATE */
61#define HCRC_STATE 103 /* gzip header CRC -> BUSY_STATE */
62#define BUSY_STATE 113 /* deflate -> FINISH_STATE */
63#define FINISH_STATE 666 /* stream complete */
64/* Stream status */
65
66
67/* Data structure describing a single value and its code string. */
68typedef struct ct_data_s {
69 union {
70 ush freq; /* frequency count */
71 ush code; /* bit string */
72 } fc;
73 union {
74 ush dad; /* father node in Huffman tree */
75 ush len; /* length of bit string */
76 } dl;
78
79#define Freq fc.freq
80#define Code fc.code
81#define Dad dl.dad
82#define Len dl.len
83
85
86typedef struct tree_desc_s {
87 ct_data *dyn_tree; /* the dynamic tree */
88 int max_code; /* largest code with non zero frequency */
89 const static_tree_desc *stat_desc; /* the corresponding static tree */
91
92typedef ush Pos;
93typedef Pos FAR Posf;
94typedef unsigned IPos;
95
96/* A Pos is an index in the character window. We use short instead of int to
97 * save space in the various tables. IPos is used only for parameter passing.
98 */
99
100typedef struct internal_state {
101 z_streamp strm; /* pointer back to this zlib stream */
102 int status; /* as the name implies */
103 Bytef *pending_buf; /* output still pending */
104 ulg pending_buf_size; /* size of pending_buf */
105 Bytef *pending_out; /* next pending byte to output to the stream */
106 ulg pending; /* nb of bytes in the pending buffer */
107 int wrap; /* bit 0 true for zlib, bit 1 true for gzip */
108 gz_headerp gzhead; /* gzip header information to write */
109 ulg gzindex; /* where in extra, name, or comment */
110 Byte method; /* can only be DEFLATED */
111 int last_flush; /* value of flush param for previous deflate call */
112
113 /* used by deflate.c: */
114
115 uInt w_size; /* LZ77 window size (32K by default) */
116 uInt w_bits; /* log2(w_size) (8..16) */
117 uInt w_mask; /* w_size - 1 */
118
120 /* Sliding window. Input bytes are read into the second half of the window,
121 * and move to the first half later to keep a dictionary of at least wSize
122 * bytes. With this organization, matches are limited to a distance of
123 * wSize-MAX_MATCH bytes, but this ensures that IO is always
124 * performed with a length multiple of the block size. Also, it limits
125 * the window size to 64K, which is quite useful on MSDOS.
126 * To do: use the user input buffer as sliding window.
127 */
128
130 /* Actual size of window: 2*wSize, except when the user input buffer
131 * is directly used as sliding window.
132 */
133
135 /* Link to older string with same hash index. To limit the size of this
136 * array to 64K, this link is maintained only for the last 32K strings.
137 * An index in this array is thus a window index modulo 32K.
138 */
139
140 Posf *head; /* Heads of the hash chains or NIL. */
141
142 uInt ins_h; /* hash index of string to be inserted */
143 uInt hash_size; /* number of elements in hash table */
144 uInt hash_bits; /* log2(hash_size) */
145 uInt hash_mask; /* hash_size-1 */
146
148 /* Number of bits by which ins_h must be shifted at each input
149 * step. It must be such that after MIN_MATCH steps, the oldest
150 * byte no longer takes part in the hash key, that is:
151 * hash_shift * MIN_MATCH >= hash_bits
152 */
153
155 /* Window position at the beginning of the current output block. Gets
156 * negative when the window is moved backwards.
157 */
158
159 uInt match_length; /* length of best match */
160 IPos prev_match; /* previous match */
161 int match_available; /* set if previous match exists */
162 uInt strstart; /* start of string to insert */
163 uInt match_start; /* start of matching string */
164 uInt lookahead; /* number of valid bytes ahead in window */
165
167 /* Length of the best match at previous step. Matches not greater than this
168 * are discarded. This is used in the lazy match evaluation.
169 */
170
172 /* To speed up deflation, hash chains are never searched beyond this
173 * length. A higher limit improves compression ratio but degrades the
174 * speed.
175 */
176
178 /* Attempt to find a better match only when the current match is strictly
179 * smaller than this value. This mechanism is used only for compression
180 * levels >= 4.
181 */
182# define max_insert_length max_lazy_match
183 /* Insert new strings in the hash table only if the match length is not
184 * greater than this length. This saves time but degrades compression.
185 * max_insert_length is used only for compression levels <= 3.
186 */
187
188 int level; /* compression level (1..9) */
189 int strategy; /* favor or force Huffman coding*/
190
192 /* Use a faster search when the previous match is longer than this */
193
194 int nice_match; /* Stop searching when current match exceeds this */
195
196 /* used by trees.c: */
197 /* Didn't use ct_data typedef below to suppress compiler warning */
198 struct ct_data_s dyn_ltree[HEAP_SIZE]; /* literal and length tree */
199 struct ct_data_s dyn_dtree[2*D_CODES+1]; /* distance tree */
200 struct ct_data_s bl_tree[2*BL_CODES+1]; /* Huffman tree for bit lengths */
201
202 struct tree_desc_s l_desc; /* desc. for literal tree */
203 struct tree_desc_s d_desc; /* desc. for distance tree */
204 struct tree_desc_s bl_desc; /* desc. for bit length tree */
205
207 /* number of codes at each bit length for an optimal tree */
208
209 int heap[2*L_CODES+1]; /* heap used to build the Huffman trees */
210 int heap_len; /* number of elements in the heap */
211 int heap_max; /* element of largest frequency */
212 /* The sons of heap[n] are heap[2*n] and heap[2*n+1]. heap[0] is not used.
213 * The same heap array is used to build all trees.
214 */
215
217 /* Depth of each subtree used as tie breaker for trees of equal frequency
218 */
219
220 uchf *sym_buf; /* buffer for distances and literals/lengths */
221
223 /* Size of match buffer for literals/lengths. There are 4 reasons for
224 * limiting lit_bufsize to 64K:
225 * - frequencies can be kept in 16 bit counters
226 * - if compression is not successful for the first block, all input
227 * data is still in the window so we can still emit a stored block even
228 * when input comes from standard input. (This can also be done for
229 * all blocks if lit_bufsize is not greater than 32K.)
230 * - if compression is not successful for a file smaller than 64K, we can
231 * even emit a stored file instead of a stored block (saving 5 bytes).
232 * This is applicable only for zip (not gzip or zlib).
233 * - creating new Huffman trees less frequently may not provide fast
234 * adaptation to changes in the input data statistics. (Take for
235 * example a binary file with poorly compressible code followed by
236 * a highly compressible string table.) Smaller buffer sizes give
237 * fast adaptation but have of course the overhead of transmitting
238 * trees more frequently.
239 * - I can't count above 4
240 */
241
242 uInt sym_next; /* running index in sym_buf */
243 uInt sym_end; /* symbol table full when sym_next reaches this */
244
245 ulg opt_len; /* bit length of current block with optimal trees */
246 ulg static_len; /* bit length of current block with static trees */
247 uInt matches; /* number of string matches in current block */
248 uInt insert; /* bytes at end of window left to insert */
249
250#ifdef ZLIB_DEBUG
251 ulg compressed_len; /* total bit length of compressed file mod 2^32 */
252 ulg bits_sent; /* bit length of compressed data sent mod 2^32 */
253#endif
254
256 /* Output buffer. bits are inserted starting at the bottom (least
257 * significant bits).
258 */
260 /* Number of valid bits in bi_buf. All bits above the last valid bit
261 * are always zero.
262 */
263
265 /* High water mark offset in window for initialized bytes -- bytes above
266 * this are set to zero in order to avoid memory check warnings when
267 * longest match routines access bytes past the input. This is then
268 * updated to the new high water mark.
269 */
270
272
273/* Output a byte on the stream.
274 * IN assertion: there is enough room in pending_buf.
275 */
276#define put_byte(s, c) {s->pending_buf[s->pending++] = (Bytef)(c);}
277
278
279#define MIN_LOOKAHEAD (MAX_MATCH+MIN_MATCH+1)
280/* Minimum amount of lookahead, except at the end of the input file.
281 * See deflate.c for comments about the MIN_MATCH+1.
282 */
283
284#define MAX_DIST(s) ((s)->w_size-MIN_LOOKAHEAD)
285/* In order to simplify the code, particularly on 16 bit machines, match
286 * distances are limited to MAX_DIST instead of WSIZE.
287 */
288
289#define WIN_INIT MAX_MATCH
290/* Number of bytes after end of data in window to initialize in order to avoid
291 memory checker errors from longest match routines */
292
293 /* in trees.c */
295int ZLIB_INTERNAL _tr_tally OF((deflate_state *s, unsigned dist, unsigned lc));
297 ulg stored_len, int last));
301 ulg stored_len, int last));
302
303#define d_code(dist) \
304 ((dist) < 256 ? _dist_code[dist] : _dist_code[256+((dist)>>7)])
305/* Mapping from a distance to a distance code. dist is the distance - 1 and
306 * must not have side effects. _dist_code[256] and _dist_code[257] are never
307 * used.
308 */
309
310#ifndef ZLIB_DEBUG
311/* Inline versions of _tr_tally for speed: */
312
313#if defined(GEN_TREES_H) || !defined(STDC)
316#else
317 extern const uch ZLIB_INTERNAL _length_code[];
318 extern const uch ZLIB_INTERNAL _dist_code[];
319#endif
320
321# define _tr_tally_lit(s, c, flush) \
322 { uch cc = (c); \
323 s->sym_buf[s->sym_next++] = 0; \
324 s->sym_buf[s->sym_next++] = 0; \
325 s->sym_buf[s->sym_next++] = cc; \
326 s->dyn_ltree[cc].Freq++; \
327 flush = (s->sym_next == s->sym_end); \
328 }
329# define _tr_tally_dist(s, distance, length, flush) \
330 { uch len = (uch)(length); \
331 ush dist = (ush)(distance); \
332 s->sym_buf[s->sym_next++] = (uch)dist; \
333 s->sym_buf[s->sym_next++] = (uch)(dist >> 8); \
334 s->sym_buf[s->sym_next++] = len; \
335 dist--; \
336 s->dyn_ltree[_length_code[len]+LITERALS+1].Freq++; \
337 s->dyn_dtree[d_code(dist)].Freq++; \
338 flush = (s->sym_next == s->sym_end); \
339 }
340#else
341# define _tr_tally_lit(s, c, flush) flush = _tr_tally(s, 0, c)
342# define _tr_tally_dist(s, distance, length, flush) \
343 flush = _tr_tally(s, distance, length)
344#endif
345
346#endif /* DEFLATE_H */
struct ct_data_s ct_data
#define HEAP_SIZE
Definition: deflate.h:45
#define L_CODES
Definition: deflate.h:36
#define MAX_BITS
Definition: deflate.h:48
Pos FAR Posf
Definition: deflate.h:93
ush Pos
Definition: deflate.h:92
#define D_CODES
Definition: deflate.h:39
#define BL_CODES
Definition: deflate.h:42
uch ZLIB_INTERNAL _length_code[]
Definition: trees.c:104
unsigned IPos
Definition: deflate.h:94
struct tree_desc_s tree_desc
struct internal_state deflate_state
uch ZLIB_INTERNAL _dist_code[]
Definition: trees.c:98
char FAR charf
Definition: zlib.h:44
unsigned short ush
Definition: zlib.h:49
gz_header FAR * gz_headerp
Definition: zlib.h:103
z_stream FAR * z_streamp
Definition: zlib.h:80
unsigned int uInt
Definition: zlib.h:38
uch FAR uchf
Definition: zlib.h:48
unsigned long ulg
Definition: zlib.h:51
unsigned char Byte
Definition: zlib.h:37
Byte FAR Bytef
Definition: zlib.h:41
#define FAR
Definition: zlib.h:34
unsigned char uch
Definition: zlib.h:47
#define ZLIB_INTERNAL
Definition: compress.c:32
GLint GLint GLsizei GLsizei GLsizei depth
Definition: gl.h:1546
GLdouble s
Definition: gl.h:2039
GLenum GLuint GLenum GLsizei const GLchar * buf
Definition: glext.h:7751
static UINT UINT last
Definition: font.c:45
union ct_data_s::@4285 dl
union ct_data_s::@4284 fc
ush code
Definition: deflate.h:71
ush freq
Definition: deflate.h:70
ush dad
Definition: deflate.h:74
ush len
Definition: deflate.h:75
struct tree_desc_s l_desc
Definition: deflate.h:202
IPos prev_match
Definition: deflate.h:160
uInt sym_next
Definition: deflate.h:242
uInt lit_bufsize
Definition: deflate.h:222
int nice_match
Definition: deflate.h:194
uInt lookahead
Definition: deflate.h:164
struct ct_data_s dyn_dtree[2 *D_CODES+1]
Definition: deflate.h:199
long block_start
Definition: deflate.h:154
ulg window_size
Definition: deflate.h:129
uInt sym_end
Definition: deflate.h:243
uInt hash_bits
Definition: deflate.h:144
uInt good_match
Definition: deflate.h:191
Bytef * pending_out
Definition: deflate.h:105
uInt prev_length
Definition: deflate.h:166
uInt hash_mask
Definition: deflate.h:145
ulg high_water
Definition: deflate.h:264
ulg static_len
Definition: deflate.h:246
Bytef * window
Definition: deflate.h:119
ulg pending_buf_size
Definition: deflate.h:104
Posf * prev
Definition: deflate.h:134
uInt strstart
Definition: deflate.h:162
struct ct_data_s bl_tree[2 *BL_CODES+1]
Definition: deflate.h:200
struct tree_desc_s bl_desc
Definition: deflate.h:204
uInt match_length
Definition: deflate.h:159
int last_flush
Definition: deflate.h:111
uInt hash_size
Definition: deflate.h:143
z_streamp strm
Definition: deflate.h:101
Posf * head
Definition: deflate.h:140
uInt max_chain_length
Definition: deflate.h:171
struct tree_desc_s d_desc
Definition: deflate.h:203
uInt max_lazy_match
Definition: deflate.h:177
ush bl_count[MAX_BITS+1]
Definition: deflate.h:206
gz_headerp gzhead
Definition: deflate.h:108
uInt matches
Definition: deflate.h:247
int match_available
Definition: deflate.h:161
uInt match_start
Definition: deflate.h:163
int heap[2 *L_CODES+1]
Definition: deflate.h:209
struct ct_data_s dyn_ltree[HEAP_SIZE]
Definition: deflate.h:198
Bytef * pending_buf
Definition: deflate.h:103
uInt hash_shift
Definition: deflate.h:147
uchf * sym_buf
Definition: deflate.h:220
int max_code
Definition: deflate.h:88
ct_data * dyn_tree
Definition: deflate.h:87
const static_tree_desc * stat_desc
Definition: deflate.h:89
int ZLIB_INTERNAL _tr_tally(deflate_state *s, unsigned dist, unsigned lc)
Definition: trees.c:1014
void ZLIB_INTERNAL _tr_init(deflate_state *s)
Definition: trees.c:379
void ZLIB_INTERNAL _tr_stored_block(deflate_state *s, charf *buf, ulg stored_len, int last)
Definition: trees.c:863
void ZLIB_INTERNAL _tr_flush_bits(deflate_state *s)
Definition: trees.c:887
void ZLIB_INTERNAL _tr_flush_block(deflate_state *s, charf *buf, ulg stored_len, int last)
Definition: trees.c:912
void ZLIB_INTERNAL _tr_align(deflate_state *s)
Definition: trees.c:897
#define OF(args)
Definition: zconf.h:295